MANUEL, EUGENE (1823-1001), French poet and man of letters, was born in Paris, the son of a Jewish doctor, on the 13th of July 1823. He was educated at the Ecole Normale, and taught rhetoric for some years in provincial schools and then in Paris. In 1870 he entered the department of public instruction, and in 1878 became inspector-general. His works include: Pages inlimes (1866), which received a prize from the Academy; Palmes populaires (1874); Pendant la guerre (1871), patriotic poems, which were forbidden in Alsace-Lorraine by the German authorities; En voyage (1881), poems; La France (4 vols., 1854- 1858) ; a school-book written in collaboration with his brother- inlaw, L6vi Alavares; Les Ouvriers (1870), a drama dealing with social questions, which was crowned by the Academy; L' Absent (1873), a comedy; Poesies du foyer et de I'ecole (1889), and editions of the works of J. B. Rousseau (1852) and Andre Chenier (1884). He died in Paris in 1901.
His Poesies completes (2 vols., 1899) contained some fresh poems; to his Melanges en prose (Paris, 1905) is prefixed an introductory note by A. Cahen.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)