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MAGADHA, an ancient kingdom of India, mentioned in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. It comprised that portion of Behar lying S. of the Ganges, with its capital at Pataliputra or Patna. As the scene of many incidents in the life of Gautama Buddha, it was a holy land. It was also the seat of the Maurya Empire, founded by Chandragupta, which extended over all India under Asoka; and, later, of the powerful Gupta dynasty.

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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