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LOBAU, a town of Germany, in the kingdom of Saxony, on the Lobau water, 12 m. S.E. of the town of Bautzen, on the Dresden- Gorlitz railway. Pop. (1905) 10,683. There is a spa, Konig Albert-Bad, largely frequented during the summer season. The town has agricultural implement, pianoforte, sugar, machinebuilding and button works, and trade in grain, yarn, linen and stockings. Other industries are spinning, weaving, dyeing, bleaching and brewing.

Lobau is first mentioned as a town in 1221; it received civic rights early in the 14th century and, in 1346, became one of the six allied towns of Lusatia. It suffered severely during the Hussite war and was deprived of its rights in 1547.

See Bergmann, Gesckichte der Oberlausitzer Sechsstadt Lobau (Bischofswerda, 1896); and Kretschmer, Die Stadt Lobau ( Chemnitz, 1904).

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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