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Leroy-Beaulieu, Pierre Paul

LEROY-BEAULIEU, PIERRE PAUL (1843- ), French economist, brother of the preceding, was born at Saumur on the 9th of December 1843, an d educated in Paris at the Lyce Bonaparte and the Ecole de Droit. He afterwards studied at Bonn and Berlin, and on his return to Paris began to write for Le Temps, Revue nalionale and Revue contemporaine. In 1867 he won a prize offered by the Academy of Moral Science with an essay entitled " L'Influence de 1'etat moral et intellectuel des populations ouvrieres sur le taux des salaires." In 1870 he gained three prizes for essays on " La Colonization chez les peuples modernes," " L'Administration en France et en Angleterre," and " L'Imp6t foncicr et ses consequences economiques." In 1872 Leroy-Beaulieu became professor of finance at the newly-founded Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques, and in 1880 he succeeded his father-in-law, Michel Chevalier, in the chair of political economy in the College de France. Several of his works have made their mark beyond the borders of his own country. Among these may be mentioned his Recherches Iconomiques, historiqucs el slalistiques sur les guerres contemporaines, a series of studies published between 1863 and 1869, in which hecalculated the loss of men and capital caused by the great European conflicts. Other works by him are La Question monnaic au dix-neuvieme siecle (1861), Le Travail des femmes au dix-neuvicme siecle (1873), Traitt de la science des finances (1877), Essai sur la repartition des richesses (1882), L'Algerie el la Tunisie (1888), Precis d' fconomie politique (1888), and L'Etat moderne et ses fonctions (1889). He also founded in 1873 the Economiste franfais, on the model of the English Economist. Leroy-Beaulieu may be regarded as the leading representative in France of orthodox political economy, and the most pronounced opponent of protectionist and collectivist doctrines.

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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