Le Bon, Joseph
LE BON, JOSEPH (1765-1795), French politician, was born at Arras on the 2gth of September 1765. He became a priest in the order of the Oratory, and professor of rhetoric at Beaune. He adopted revolutionary ideas, and became a cure of the Constitutional Church in the department of Pas-de-Calais, where he was later elected a.s a. depute suppleanl to the Convention. He became maire of Arras and administraleur of Pas-de-Calais, and on the 2nd of July 1793 took his seat in the Convention. He was sent as a representative on missions into the departments of the Somme and Pas-de-Calais, where he showed great severity in dealing with offences against revolutionaries (Sth Brumaire, year II. to 22nd Messidor, year II.; i.e. 29th October 1793 to loth July 1794). In consequence, during the reaction which followed the 9th Thermidor (27th July 1794) he was arrested on the 22nd Messidor, year III. (loth July 1795). He was tried before the criminal tribunal of the Somme, condemned to death for abuse of his power during his mission, and executed at Amiens on the 24th Vendemiaire in the year IV. (loth October 1795). Whatever Le Bon's offences, his condemnation was to a great extent due to the violent attacks of one of his political enemies, Armand Guffroy; and it is only just to remember that it was owing to his courage that Cambrai was saved from falling into the hands of the Austrians.
His son, mile le Bon, published a Histoire de Joseph le Bon et des tribunaux revolutionna-ires A' Arras et de Cambrai (2nd ed., 2 vols., Arras, 1864).
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)