LAZAR, one afflicted with the disease of leprosy (q.v.). The term is an adaptation in medieval Latin of the name of Lazarus (q.v.), in Luke xvi. 20, who was supposed to be a leper. The word was not confined to persons suffering from leprosy; thus Caxton ( The Life of Charles the Great, 37), " there atte laste were guarysshed and heled viij lazars of the palesey."
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)