LAMP-BLACK, a deep black pigment consisting of carbon in a very fine state of division, obtained by the imperfect combustion of highly carbonaceous substances. It is manufactured from scraps of resin and pitch refuse and inferior oils and fats, and other similar combustible bodies rich in carbon, the finest lamp-black being procured by the combustion of oils obtained in coal-tar distillation (see COAL-TAR) . Lamp-black is extensively used in the manufacture of printing ink, as a pigment for oil painting and also for " ebonizing " cabinet work, and in the waxing and lacquering of leather. It is the principal constituent of China ink.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)