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Label

LABEL (a French word, now represented by lambeau, possibly a variant ; it is of obscure origin and may be connected with a Teutonic word appearing in the English " lap," a flap or fold), a slip, ticket, or card of paper, metal or other material, attached to an object, such as a parcel, bottle, etc., and containing a name, address, description or other information, for the purpose of identification. Originally the word meant a band or ribbon of linen or other material, and was thus applied to the fillets (infulae) attached to a bishop's mitre. In heraldry the " label " is a mark of " cadency."

In architecture the term " label " is applied to the outer projecting moulding over doors, windows, arches, etc., sometimes called " Dripstone " or " Weather Moulding," or " Hood Mould." The former terms seem scarcely applicable, as this moulding is often inside a building where no rain could come, and consequently there is no drip. In Norman times the label frequently did not project, and when it did it was very little, and formed part of the series of arch mouldings. In the Early English styles they were not very large, sometimes slightly undercut, sometimes deeply, sometimes a quarter round with chamfer, and very frequently a " roll " or " scroll-moulding," so called because it resembles the part of a scroll where the edge laps over the body of the roll. Labels generally resemble the string-courses of the period, and, in fact, often return horizontally and form strings. They are less common in Continental architecture than in English.

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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