La Fayette, Gilbert Motier De
LA FAYETTE, GILBERT MOTIER DE (1380-1462), marshal of France, was brought up at the court of Louis II., 3rd duke of Bourbon. He served under Marshal Boucicaut in Italy, and on his return to France after the evacuation of Genoa in 1409 >ecame seneschal of the Bourbonnais. In the English wars he was with John L, 4th duke of Bourbon, at the capture of Soubise "n 1413, and of Compiegne in 1415. The duke then made him ieutenant-general in Languedoc and Guienne. He failed to defend Caen and Falaise in the interest of the dauphin ( afterwards Charles VII.) against Henry V. in 1417 and 1418, but in he latter year he held Lyons for some time against Jean sans D eur, duke of Burgundy. A series of successes over the English LA FAYETTE, LOUISE DE LA FAYETTE, MARQUIS DE 65 and Burgundians on the Loire was rewarded in 1420 with the government of Dauphiny and the office of marshal of France. La Fayette commanded the Franco-Scottish troops at the battle of Bauge (1422), though he did not, as has been sometimes stated, slay Thomas, duke of Clarence, with his own hand. In 1424 he was taken prisoner by the English at Verneuil, but was released shortly afterwards, and fought with Joan of Arc at Orleans and Patay in 1429. The marshal had become a member of the grand council of Charles VII., and with the exception of a short disgrace about 1430, due to the ill-will of Georges de la Tremouille, he retained the royal favour all his life. He took an active part in the army reform initiated by Charles VII., and the establishment of military posts for the suppression of brigandage. His last campaign was against the English in Normandy in 1449. He died on the 23rd of February 1462. His line was continued by Gilbert IV. de La Fayette, son of his second marriage with Jeanne de Joyeuse.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)