KRUMBACHER, CARL (1856-1909), German Byzantine scholar, was born at Kiirnach in Bavaria on the 23rd of September 1856. He was educated at the universities of Munich and Leipzig, and held the professorship of the middle age and modern Greek language and literature in the former from 1897 to his death. His greatest work is his Geschichte der byzantinischen Littcratur (from Justinian to the fall of the Eastern Empire, 1453), a second edition of which was published in 1897, with the collaboration of A. Ehrhard (section on theology) and H. Gelzer (general sketch of Byzantine history, A.D. 395-1453)- The value of the work is greatly enhanced by the elaborate bibliographies contained in the body of the work and in a special supplement. Krumbacher also founded the Byzanlinische Zeitschrift (1892) and the Byzantinisches Archiv (1898). He travelled extensively and the results of a journey to Greece appeared in his Griechische Reise (1886). Other works by him are: Casia (1897), a treatise on a gth-century Byzantine poetess, with the fragments; Michael Glykas (1894); "Die griechische Litteratur des Mittelalters " in P. Hinneberg's Die Kultur der Gegenwart, i. 8 (1905); Das Problem der neugriechischen Schrifisprache (1902), in which he strongly opposed the efforts of the purists to introduce the classical style into modern Greek literature, and Popular e Aufsdlze (1909).
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)