KOZLOV, a town of Russia, in the government of Tambov, on the Lyesnoi Voronezh River, 4 5 m. W.N. W. of the city of Tambov by rail. Pop. (1900), 41,555. Kozlov had its origin in a small monastery, founded in the forest in 1627; nine years later, an earthwork was raised close by, for the protection of the Russian frontier against the Tatars. Situated in a very fertile country, on the highway to Astrakhan and at the head of water communication with the Don, the town soon became a centre of trade; as the junction of the railways leading to the Sea of Azov, to Tsaritsyn on the lower Volga, to Saratov and to Orel, its importance has recently been still further increased. Its export of cattle, grain, meat, eggs (22,000,000), tallow, hides, etc., is steadily growing, and it possesses factories, flour mills, tallow works, distilleries, tanneries and glue works.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)