KIOWAS, a tribe and stock of North American Indians. Their former range was around the Arkansas and Canadian rivers, in Indian Territory (Oklahoma), Colorado and New Mexico. A fierce people, they made raids upon the settlers in western Texas until 1868, when they were placed on a reservation in Indian Territory. In 1874 they broke out again, but in the following year were finally subdued. In number about 1 200, and settled in Oklahoma, they are the sole representatives of the Kiowan linguistic stock.
See J. Mooney, " Calendar History of the Kiowa Indians," 17th Report of Bureau of American Ethnology (Washington, 1898).
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)