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KASIMOV, a town of Russia, in the government of Ryazan, on the Oka river, in 54 56' N. and 41 3' E., 75 m. E.N.E. of Ryazan. Pop. (1897), 13,545, of whom about 1000 were Tatars. It is famed for its tanneries and leather goods, sheepskins and post-horse bells. Founded in 1152, it was formerly known as Meshcherski Gorodets. In the 15th century it became the capital of a Tatar khanate, subject to Moscow, and so remained until 1667. The town possesses a cathedral, and a mosque supposed to have been built by Kasim, founder of the Tatar principality. Near the mosque stands a mausoleum built by Shah-Ali in 1555. Lying on the direct road from Astrakhan to Moscow and NizhniyNovgorod, Kasimov is a place of some trade, and has a large annual fair in July. The waiters in' the best hotels of St Petersburg are mostly Kasimov Tatars.

See Veliaminov-Zernov, The Kasimov Tsars (St Petersburg, 1863-1866).

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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