INTERCALARY (from Lat. intercalare, to proclaim, calare, the insertion of a day in the calendar), a term applied to a month day or days inserted between other months or days in order to adjust the reckoning of time, based on the revolution of the earth round the Sun, the day, and of the moon round the earth, the lunar month to the revolution of the earth round the Sun, the solar year (see CALENDAR). From the meaning of something inserted or placed between, intercalary is used for something which interrupts a series, or comes between two types. In botany, the term is used of growth which is not apical but somewhere between the apex and base of an organ, such as the growth in length of an Iris leaf, or of the internode of a grass-haulm.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)