HUCHOWN, " of the Awle Ryale " (fl. i 4 th century), Scottish poet, is referred to by Wyntoun in his Chronicle in these words:
" Hucheon, t cunnande was in littratur. e made a gret Gest of Arthurs, And fe Awntyr of Gawane, C Pistil als of Suet Susane. e was curyousse in his stille, Fayr of facunde and subtile, And ay to pleyssance hade'delyte, Mad in metyr meit his dyte Litil or noucht neuir be lesse Wauerande fra be suythfastnes."
(Cott. MS. bk. v. n, 4308-4318).
Much critical ingenuity has been spent in endeavouring to identify (a) the poet and (b) the works named in the foregoing passage. It has been assumed that " Huchown," or " Hucheon," represents the " gude Sir Hew of Eglyntoun " named by Dunbar (q.v.) in his Lament for the Makaris (i. 53). The only known Sir Hugh of Eglintoun of the century is frequently mentioned in the public records from the middle of the century onwards, as an auditor of accounts and as witness to several charters. By 1360 he had married Dame Egidia, widow of Sir James Lindsay and half-sister of Robert the Steward. His public office and association with the Steward sorts well with the designation " of the Awle Ryale," if that be interpreted as " Aula Regalis " or " Royal Palace." He appears to have died late in 1376 or early in 1377.
bat He An PC He The first of the poems named above, the Gest of Arthure 01 Gest Historyalle (ib. i. 4288), has been identified by Dr Trautmann, " Anglia," Der Dichter Huchown (1877), with the alliterative Morte Arthure in the Thornton MS. at Lincoln, printed by the E.E.T.S. (ed. Brock, 1865). The problem of the second (The Awntyr of Gaivane) is still in dispute. There are difficulties in the way of accepting the conjecture that the poem is the " Awntyres of Arthure at the Tern Wathelyne " (see S.T.S., Scottish Alliterative Poems, 1897, and Introduction, pp. n et seq.), and little direct evidence in favour of the view that the reference is to the greatest of middle English romances, Sir Gaivain and the Grene Knight. The third may be safely accepted as the well-known Pistil [Epistle] of Swete Susan, printed by Laing (Select Remains, 1822) and by the S.T.S. (Scottish Alliterative Poems, u.s.).
See, in addition to the works named above, G. NeiLon's Sir Heiv of Eglintoun and Huchown of the Awle Ryale (Glasgow, 1901), which contains a full record of references to the historical Sir Hew of Eglintoun; Huchown of the Awle Ryale, the Alliterative Poet (Glasgow, 1902) by the same; J. T. T. Brown's Huchown of the Awle Ryale and his Poems (Glasgow, 1902), in answer to the foregoing. See also the correspondence in the Athenaeum, 1900-1901, and the review of Mr Neilson's pamphlets, ib. (Nov. 22, 1902) ; and J. H. Millar's Literary History of Scotland (1903), pp. 8-14.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)