HOPI, or MOKI (Moquis), a tribe of North American Indians of Shoshonean stock. They are Pueblo or town-building Indians and occupy seven villages on three lofty plateaus of northern Arizona. The first accounts of them date from the expedition of Francisco Vasquez de Coronado >n 1540. With the townbuilding Indians of New Mexico they were then subdued. They shared in the successful revolt of 1542, but again suffered defeat in 1586. In 1680, however, they made a successful revolt against the Spaniards. They weave very fine blankets, make baskets and are expert potters and wood-carvers. Their houses are built of stone set in mortar. Their ceremonies are of an elaborate nature, and in the famous " snake-dance " the performers carry live rattlesnakes in their mouths. They number some 1600. (See also PUEBLO INDIANS.)
For Hopi festivals, seesistAnn. Report Bureau of Amer. Ethnology (1899-1900).
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)