Hop Production In The United States
HOP PRODUCTION IN THE UNITED STATES The distribution of the area of hop-cultivation in the United States showed. great changes during the last decades of the igth and the first decade of the 20th century. During the earlier portion of that period New York was the chief hop-growing state of the Union, but toward the end of it a great extension of hop-growing took place on the Pacific coast (in the states of Oregon, California and Washington), where the richness of the soil and mildness of the climate are favourable to the bines.
The average annual produce of hops in the United States from 1900 to 1906 was 423,471 cwt.; of this quantity 80 % was raised in the three states of the Pacific coast, where the yield per acre is much larger than in New York. In the latter state the yield does not appear to exceed 5 or 6 cwt. per acre, whereas in Oregon it is 9 or 10 cwt., and in Washington and California from 12 to 14 cwt. The average annual export (chiefly to Great Britain) in the years from 1899 to 1905 was 108,400 cwt.; the average import (chiefly from Germany) is about 50,000 cwt.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)