HONEYCOMB, a cloth, so called because of the particular arrangement of the crossing of the warp and weft threads which form cells somewhat similar to those of the real honeycomb. They differ from the latter in that they are rectangular instead of hexagonal. The bottom of the cell is formed by those threads and picks which weave " plain," while the ascending sides of the figure are formed by the gradually increasing length of float of the warp and weft yarns.
The figure shows two of the commonest designs which are used for these cloths, design A being what is often termed the " perfect honeycomb "; in the figure it will be seen that the highest number of successive white squares is seven, while the corresponding highest number of successive black squares is five. Two of each of these maximum floats form the top or highest edges of the cell, and the number of suecessive like squares decreases as the bottom of the cell is reached when the floats are one of black and one of white (see middle of design, etc.). The weave produces a reversible cloth, and it is extensively used for the embellishment of quilts and other fancy joods. It is also largely used in the manufacture of cotton and linen bowels. B is, for certain purposes, a more suitable weave than A, but both are very largely used for the latter class of goods.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)