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Holroyd, Sir Charles

HOLROYD, SIR CHARLES (1861- ), British artist, was born in Leeds on the 9th of April 1861. He received his art education under Prof essorLegros at the Slade School, University College, London, where he had a distinguished career. After passing six months at Newlyn, where he painted his first picture exhibited in the Royal Academy, " Fishermen Mending a Sail " (1885), he obtained a travelling scholarship and studied for two years in Italy, a sojourn which greatly influenced his art. At his return, on the invitation of Legros, he became for two years assistant-master at the Slade School, and there devoted himself to painting and etching. Among his pictures may be mentioned " The Death of Torrigiano " (1886), " The Satyr King " (1889), " The Supper at Emmaus," and, perhaps his best picture, " Pan and Peasants " (1893). For the church of Aveley, Essex, he painted a triptych altarpiece, " The Adoration of the Shepherds," with wings representing " St Michael " and " St Gabriel," and designed as well the window, " The Resurrection." His portraits, such as that of " G. F. Watts, R.A.," in the Legros manner, show much dignity and distinction. Sir Charles Holroyd has made his chief reputation as an etcher of exceptional ability, combining strength with delicacy, and a profound technical knowledge of the art. Among the best known are the " Monte Oliveto " series, the " Icarus " series, the " Monte Subasio " series, and the " Eve " series, together with the plates, " The Flight into Egypt," " The Prodigal Son," " A Barn on Tadworth Common " (etched in the open air), and "The Storm." His etched heads of " Professor Legros," "Lord Courtney" and "Night," are admirable alike in knowledge and in likeness. His principal dry-point is " The Bather." In all his work Holroyd displays an impressive sincerity, with a fine sense of composition, and of style, allied to independent and modern feeling. He was appointed the first keeper of the National Gallery of British Art (Tate Gallery), and on the retirement of Sir Edward Poynter in 1906 he received the directorship of the National Gallery. He was knighted in 1903. His Michael Angela Buonarotti (London, Duckworth, 1903) is a scholarly work of real value.

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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