HOHENASPERG, an ancient fortress of Germany, in the kingdom of Wiirttemberg, 10 m. N. of Stuttgart, is situated on a conical hill, noo ft. high, overlooking the town of Asperg. It was formerly strongly fortified and was long the state prison of the kingdom of Wiirttemberg. Among the many who have been interned here may be mentioned the notorious Jew financier, Joseph Suss-Oppenheimer (1692-1738) and the poet C. F. D. Schubart (1739-1791). It is now a reformatory. Hohenasperg originally belonged to the counts of Calw; it next passed to the counts palatine of Tubingen and from them was acquired in 1308 by Wiirttemberg. In 1535 the fortifications were extended and strengthened, and in 1635 the town was taken by the Imperialists, who occupied it until 1649.
See Schon, Die Slaatsgefangenen von Hohenasperg (Stuttgart, 1899) ; and Biffart, Geschichte der Wiirttembergischen Feste Hohenasperg (Stuttgart, 1858).
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)