HIERO I, was the brother of Gelo, and tyrant of Syracuse from 478 to 467/6 B.C. During his reign he greatly increased the power of Syracuse. He removed the inhabitants of Naxos and Catana to Leontini, peopled Catana (which he renamed Aetna) with Dorians, concluded an alliance with Acragas (Agrigentum), and espoused the cause of the Locrians against Anaxilaus, tyrant of Rhegium. His most important achievement was the defeat of the Etruscans at Cumae (474), by which he saved the Greeks of Campania. A bronze helmet (now in the British Museum), with an inscription commemorating 1 Perrone, De locis tKeologicis, pt. i., sec. i. cap. 2.
1 Si quis dixerit in ecclesia catholica non esse hierarchiam divina ordinatione institutam, quae constat ex episcopis, presbyteris, et ministris: anathema sit.
the event, was dedicated at Olympia. Though despotic in his rule Hiero was a liberal patron of literature. He died at Catana in 467.
See Diod. Sic. xi. 38-67; Xenophon, Hiero, 6. 2; E. Lubbert, Syrakus zur Zeit des Gelon und Hieron (1875) ; for his coins see NUMISMATICS (section Sicily).
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)