Heredia, Jose Maria De
HEREDIA, JOSE MARIA DE (1842-1905), French poet, the modern master of the French sonnet, was born at Fortuna Cafeyere, near Santiago de Cuba, on the 22nd of November 1842, being in blood part Spanish Creole and part French. At the age of eight he came from the West Indies to France, returning thence to Havana at seventeen, and finally making France his home not long afterwards. He received his classical education with the priests of Saint Vincent at Senlis, and after a visit to Havana he studied at the Ecole des Chartes at. Paris. In the later 'sixties, with Francois Coppee, Sully-Prudhomme, Paul Verlaine and others less distinguished, he made one of the band of poets who gathered round Leconte de Lisle, and received the name of Parnassiens. To this new school, form the technical side of their art was of supreme importance, and, in reaction against the influence of Mussel, they rigorously repressed in their work the expression of personal feeling and emotion. " True poetry," said M. de Heredia in his discourse on entering the Academy " true poetry dwells in nature and in humanity, which are eternal, and not in the heart of the creature of a day, lowever great." M. de Heredia's place in the movement was soon assured. He wrote very little, and published even less, jut his sonnets circulated in MS., and gave him a reputation acfore they appeared in 1893, together with a few longer poems, as a volume, under the title of Les Trophees. He was elected to the Academy on the 22nd of February 1894, in the place of iouis de Mazade-Percin the publicist. Few purely literary men can have entered the Academy with credentials so small in quantity. A small volume of verse a translation, with introduction, of Diaz del Castillo's History of the Conquest of New Spain (1878-1881) a translation of the life of the nun Alferez 1894), de Quincey's " Spanish Military Nun" and one or two ihort pieces of occasional verse, and an introduction or so this s but small literary baggage, to use the French expression. But the sonnets are of their kind among the most superb in modern literature. " A Legende des siecles in sonnets " M. 'rancois Coppee called them. Each presents a picture, striking, >rilliant, drawn with unfaltering hand the picture of some characteristic scene in man's long history. The verse is flawless, polished like a gem; and its sound has distinction and fine harmony. If one may suggest a fault, it is that each picture is sometimes too much of a picture only, and that the poetical line, like that of M. de Heredia's master, Leconte de Lisle himself, is occasionally overcrowded. M. de Heredia was none the less one of the most skilful craftsmen who ever practised the art of verse. In 1901 he became librarian of the BibUotheque de l'Ars6nal at Paris. He died at the Chateau de Bourdonne (Seine-et-Oise) on the 3rd of October 1905, having completed his critical edition of Andre Chenier's works.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)