HELIOGRAPH (from Gr. i;Xios, Sun, and yp&friv to write), an instrument for reflecting the rays of the Sun (or the light obtained from any other source) over a considerable distance. Its main application is in military signalling (see SIGNAL). A similar instrument is the heliotrope, used principally for defining distant points in geodetic surveys, such as in the triangulation of India, and in the verification of the African arcof the meridian. It is necessary to distinguish the method of signalling termed heliography from the photographic process of the same name (see PHOTOGRAPHY).
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)