HEGEMONY (Gr. ^yejuoi/ta, leadership, from fryeio-Qai, to lead, the leadership especially of one particular state in a group of federated or loosely united states. The term was first applied in Greek history to the position claimed by different individual city-states, e.g. by Athens and Sparta, at different times to a position of predominance (primus inter pares) among other equal states, coupled with individual autonomy. The reversion of this position was claimed by Macedon (see GREECE: Ancient History, and DELIAN LEAGUE).
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)