HARTEBEEST, the Boer name for a large South African antelope (also known as caama) characterized by its red colour, long face with naked muzzle and sharply angulated lyrate horns, which are present in both sexes. This antelope is the Cape Hartebeest (Bubalis cama).
Bubalis cama or Alcelaphus cama of naturalists; but the name hartebeest has been extended to include all the numerous members of the same genus, some of which are to be found in every part of Africa, while one or two extend into Syria. Some of the species of the allied genus Damaliscus, such as Hunter's antelope (D. hunter f), are also often cailed hartebeests. (See ANTELOPE.)
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)