GONAGUAS (" borderers "), descendants of a very old cross between the Hottentots and the Kaffirs, on the " ethnical divide " between the two races, apparently before the arrival of the whites in South Africa. They have been always a despised race and regarded as outcasts by the Bantu peoples. They were threatened with extermination during the Kaffir wars, but were protected by the British. At present they live in settled communities under civil magistrates without any tribal organization, and in some districts could be scarcely distinguished from the other natives but for their broken Hottentot-Dutch-English speech.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)