FERDINAND (Span. Fernando or Hernando; Ital. Ferdinando or Ferrante; in O.H. Ger. Herinand, i.e. "brave in the host," from O.H.G. Heri, "army," A.S. here, Mod. Ger. Heer, and the Goth, nanjan, "to dare"), a name borne at various times by many European sovereigns and princes, the more important of whom are noticed below in the following order: emperors, kings of Naples, Portugal, Spain (Castile, Leon and Aragon) and the two Sicilies; then the grand duke of Tuscany, the prince of Bulgaria, the duke of Brunswick and the elector of Cologne.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)