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CUYABA, or CUIABA, capital of the inland state of Matto Grosso, Brazil, about 972 m. N.W. of Rio de Janeiro, on the Cuyaba river near its discharge into the Sao Lourenco, the principal Brazilian tributary of the Paraguay. Pop. (1890) 14,507; of the municipality, 17,815. The surrounding country is tliickly populated. Cuyaba has uninterrupted steamer communication with Montevideo, about 250x5 m. distant, but has no land communication with the national capital, except by telegraph. The climate is hot and malaria is prevalent. Cuyabi was founded in 1719 by Paulista gold hunters, and its goldwashings, now apparently exhausted, yielded rich results in the 18th century. It is the see of a bishopric and headquarters of an important military district, having an arsenal and military barracks.

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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