Blanqui, Jerome Adolphe
BLANQUI, JEROME ADOLPHE (1798-1854), French economist, was born at Nice on the 21st of November 1798. Beginning life as a schoolmaster in Paris, he was attracted to the study of economics by the lectures of J.B. Say, whose pupil and assistant he became. Upon the recommendation of Say he was in 1825 appointed professor of industrial economy and of history at the Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers. In 1833 he succeeded Say as professor of political economy at the same institution, and in 1838 was elected a member of the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques. In 1838 appeared his most important work, Histoire de l'économie politique en Europe, depuis les anciens jusqu'à nos jours. He was indefatigable in research, and for the purposes of his economic inquiries travelled over almost the whole of Europe and visited Algeria and the East. He contributed much to our knowledge of the conditions of the working-classes, especially in France. Other works of Blanqui were De la situation économique et morale de l'Espagne en 1846; Résumé de l'histoire du commerce et de l'industrie (1826); Précis élémentaire d'économie politique (1826); Les Classes ouvrières en France (1848).
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)