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Bench-Mark

BENCH-MARK, a surveyor's mark cut in stone or some durable material, to indicate a point in a line of levels for the determination of altitudes over a given district. The name is taken from the "angle-iron" which is inserted in the horizontal incision as a "bench" or support for the levelling staff. The mark of the "broad-arrow" is generally incised with the bench-mark so that the horizontal bar passes through its apex.

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

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