APION, Greek grammarian and commentator on Homer, born at Oasis in Libya, flourished in the first half of the 1st century A.D. He studied at Alexandria, and headed a deputation sent to Caligula (in 38) by the Alexandrians to complain of the Jews: his charges were answered by Josephus in his Contra Apionem. He settled at Rome - it is uncertain when - and taught rhetoric till the reign of Claudius. Apion was a man of great industry and learning, but extremely vain. He wrote several works, which are lost. The well-known story of Androclus and the lion, preserved in Aulus Gellius, is from his ; fragments of his are printed in the Etymologicum Gudianum, ed. Sturz, 1818.
Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)