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THE LETTER V - This letter was originally, like Y, only one of the earlier forms of the letter U. According to Florio (1611) V is "sometimes a vowel, and sometimes a consonant." In modern times attempts have been made to assign to it the consonantal value of U, but in English another symbol W is used for this, while V has received the value of the voiced form of F, which itself had originally a sound resembling the English W (see under F) . V is therefore a voiced labio-dental spirant, the breath escaping through a very narrow slit between the lower lip and the upper teeth. In German, however, V is used with the same value as F, while W takes the value that V has in English. Apart from some southern dialect forms which have found their way into the literary language, as vat (for fat or wine-fat which still survives in the English Bible) and vixen the feminine oifox, all the words in English which begin with V are of foreign, and most of Latin origin. In the middle of words between vowels / was originally regularly voiced: life, lives; wife, wives, etc. The Latin V, however, was not a labio-dental spirant like the English v, but a bi-labial semivowel like the English w, as is clear from the testimony of Quintilian and of later grammarians. This quality has remained to it in southern Italy, in Spain and Gascony. In Northern French and in Italian it has become the labio-dental v, and from French English has adopted this value for it. Early borrowings like wine (Latin vinum), wall (Latin vallum), retain the w sound and are therefore spelt with w. In the English dialects of Kent, Essex and Norfolk there is a common change of v to w, but Ellis says (English Pronunciation, V, pp. 132, 229) that though he has made diligent search he has never been able to hear the v for w which is so characteristic of Sam and Tony Weller in the Pickwick Papers. It is, however, illustrated in Pegge's Anecdotes of the English Language (1803) and confirmed by the editor of the 3rd edition (1844), pp. 65-66. The history of V as the Latin numeral for 5 is uncertain. An old theory is that it represents the hand, while X=io is the two hands with the finger tips touching. This was adopted by Mommsen (Hermes, xxii. 598). The Etruscan used the same fl-symbol inverted. V with a horizontal line above it was used for 5000. (P. Gi.)

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

V

Vaal
Vaalpens
Vacarescu
Vacarius
Vaccination
Vacherot, Etienne
Vacquerie, Auguste
Vacuum-Cleaner
Vacuum Tube
Vacz
Vade-Mecum
Vagrancy
Vaison
Valais
Valdemar I
Valdemar II
Valdemar IV
Valdepenas
Valdes, Juan De
Valdivia
Valdosta
Valence
Valencia, City
Valencia De Alcantara
Valencia Island
Valencia, Province
Valencia, Venezuela
Valenciennes
Valency
Valens
Valentia, Sir Francis Annesley, Viscount
Valentine And Orson
Valentinian I
Valentinian II
Valentinian III
Valentinois
Valentinus, Gnostic Leader
Valentinus
Valenzuela, Fernando De
Valera Y Alcala Galiano, Juan
Valeria, Via
Valerian
Valerianus, Publius Licinius
Valeric Acid
Valerius Flaccus, Gaius
Valerius Maximus
Valerius, Publius
Valet
Valhalla
Valkyries
Valla, Lorenzo
Valladolid, Mexico
Valladolid, Spanish City
Valladolid, Spanish Province
Vallandigham, Clement Laird
Valle, Pietro Della
Vallejo, California
Valles, Jules
Valletta
Valley Forge
Valleypield
Vallombrosa
Vallombrosians
Valls
Valois, Counts And Dukes Of
Valois, Henri De
Valparaiso, Chile
Valparaiso, Indiana
Valparaiso, Province Of
Valpy, Richard
Vals
Valtellina
Valuation And Valuers
Value
Valve
Valves, Musical
Valyevo
Vambery, Armin
Vampire
Vampyrella
Van Beers, Jan
Van Buren, Martin
Van Der Stappen, Charles
Van Der Weyden, Roger
Van Dorn, Earl
Van Dyck, Sir Anthony
Van Horne, Sir William Cornelius
Van Rensselaer, Stephen
Van, Turkey
Van Wert, Ohio
Van
Vanadinite
Vanadium
Vanbrugh, Sir John
Vance, Zebulon Baird
Vancouver, British Columbia
Vancouver, George
Vancouver Island
Vancouver, Washington
Vandals
Vandamme, Dominique Rene, Count
Vanderbilt, Cornelius
Vanderlyn, John
Vandevelde, Adrian
Vandevelde, William
Vane, Sir Henry
Vane
Vanilla
Vanini, Lucilio
Vanloo, Charles Andrew
Vanloo, John Baptist
Vannes
Vansittart, Henry
Van't Hoff, Jacobus Hendricus
Vapereau, Louis Gustave
Vaphio
Vaporization
Vaquero
Var
Varallo Sesia
Varchi, Benedetto
Vardanes I
Vardanes II
Varenius, Bernhardus
Varese
Varia
Variation And Selection
Variations, Calculus Of
Variations
Varicose Veins
Variolites
Variscite
Varley, Cornelius
Varley, John
Varna
Varnhagen Von Ense, Karl August
Varnish
Varro, Marcus Terentius
Varro, Publius Terentius Atacinus
Varthema
Varuna
Vasa
Vasari, Giorgio
Vascular System
Vase
Vaseline
Vasilkov
Vaslui
Vassal
Vassar College
Vasto
Vatican Council, The
Vatke, Johann Karl Wilhelm
Vattel, Emeric
Vauban
Vaucluse
Vaud
Vaudeville
Vaugelas, Claude Favre, Seigneur De, Baron De Peroges
Vaughan, Charles John
Vaughan, Henry
Vaughan, Herbert
Vaughan, Thomas
Vaughan, William
Vault
Vauquelin De La Fresnaye, Jean
Vauquelin, Louis Nicolas
Vauvenargues, Luc De Clapiers, Marquis De
Vaux, Calvert
Vaux Of Harrowden, Thomas Vaux
Vauxhall
Vavassor
Vaygach
Vector Analysis
Veddahs
Vedder, Elihu
Vedette
Veere
Vega Carpio, Lope Felix De
Vega, Garcilaso De La, Historian Of Peru
Vega, Garcilaso De La, Spanish Poet
Vegetable Marrow
Vegetable
Vegetarianism
Vegetius
Veglia
Veii
Veil
Veins, Anatomy
Veins, Geology
Veit, Philipp
Veitch, John
Vejer De La Frontera
Velarium
Velazquez, Diego Rodriguez De Silva
Veleia
Velez-Malaga
Velia
Velius Longus
Velleius Paterculus, Marcus
Velletri
Vellore
Velvet
Velveteen
Venafrum
Vend Ace
Vendee, Wars Of The
Vendee
Vendemiaire
Vendetta
Vendome, Louis Joseph
Vendome
Veneer
Vener
Venerable
Venereal Diseases
Veneti
Venetia
Venette, Jean De
Venezuela
Vengurla
Venice
Venison
Venlo
Venn, Henry
Ventilation
Ventimiglia
Ventnor
Ventriloquism
Venue
Venus's Fly-Trap
Venus's Looking Glass
Venus, The Goddess
Venus, The Planet
Venusia
Vera, Augusto
Vera Cruz Mexico
Vera Cruz, State Of
Verandah
Veratrum
Verb
Verbena
Verboczy, Istvan
Verboeckhoven, Eugene Joseph
Verbruggen, Susanna
Vercelli Book
Vercelli
Verden
Verderer
Verdi, Giuseppe Fortuning Francesco
Verdict
Verdigris
Verdun
Verdy Du Vernois, Julius Von
Vere, Sir Francis
Vereshchagin, Vassili Vassilievich
Verga, Giovanni
Verge
Vergennes, Charles Gravier, Comte De
Verger
Vergniaud, Pierre Victurnien
Verhaeren
Verkhne-Udinsk
Verlaine, Paul
Verlat, Michel Marie Charles
Vermandois
Vermicelli
Vermigli, Pietro Martire
Vermilion
Vermin
Vermorel, Augusts Jean Marie
Vermouth
Vernacular
Verne, Jules
Vernet, Antoine Charles Horace
Vernet, Claude Joseph
Vernet, Emile Jean Horace
Verneuil, France
Verneuil, Phillippe Edouard Poulletier De
Verney
Vernier, Pierre
Vernis Martin
Vernon, Edward
Vernon
Veroli
Veron, Pierre
Verona, Congress Of
Verona
Veronal
Veronica, St
Verres, Gaius
Verrius Flaccus, Marcus
Verrocchio, Andrea Del
Vers De Societe
Versailles
Verse
Versecz
Vertebrata
Vertical
Vertue, George
Vertumnus
Verulamium
Vervet
Verviers
Vesica Piscis
Vesoul
Vespasian
Vespers, Sicilian
Vespers
Vespucci, Amerigo
Vessel
Vesta
Vesteras
Vestibule
Vestini
Vestments
Vestris, Gaetano Appolino Baldassare
Vestris, Lucia Elizabeth
Vestry
Vesuvianite
Vesuvius
Vetch
Veteran
Veterinary Science
Veto
Vetter
Vetulonium
Veuillot, Louis
Vevey
Vexillum
Vexio
Vezelay
Vi Relay
Vianden
Vianna Do Castello
Viareggio
Viaticum
Viborg, Denmark
Viborg, Finland
Viburnum
Vicaire, Louis Gabriel Charles
Vicar Vice-Chancellor
Vicar
Vice-Chancellor
Vice
Vicente, Gil
Vicente Yanez Pinzon
Vicenza
Viceroy
Vich
Vichy
Vicksburg
Vico, Giovanni Battista
Victor Amedeus II
Victor Emmanuel II
Victor Emmanuel III
Victor, Gaius Julius
Victor II
Victor III
Victor IV
Victor-Perrin, Claude, Duke Of Belluno
Victor, Sextus Aurelius
Victoria, Australia
Victoria, Brazil
Victoria, British Columbia
Victoria Falls
Victoria Nyanza
Victoria, Queen Of England
Victoria, Tommasso Ludovico Da
Victorinus, Gaius Marius
Victorinus Victor-Perrin
Victual
Vicugna
Vida, Marco Girolamo
Vidame
Vidin
Vidocq, Francois Eugene
Vidyasagar, Iswar Chandra
Vieira, Antonio
Viele-Griffin, Francis
Vielle
Vien, Joseph Marie
Vienna, Congress Op
Vienna
Vienne, Council Of
Vienne, Department
Vienne, River
Vienne, Town Of
Vierge, Daniel
Viersen
Vierzon
Vieta
Vieuxtemps, Henri
Vieuxtemps Vigee-Lebrun
Vigan
Vigee-Lebrun, Marie-Anne Elisabeth
Vigevano
Vigil
Vigilance Committee
Vigilantius
Vigilius
Vigintisexviri
Viglius
Vigne, Paul De
Vignette
Vigny, Alfred De
Vigo
Vijayanagar
Viking
Vikramaditya
Vilas, William Freeman
Vill
Villa Del Pilar
Villa Real
Villa Rica
Villa
Villach
Villafranca Di Verona
Village Communities
Villalba
Villamediana, Count De
Villanelle
Villani, Giovanni
Villanova
Villanueva De La Serena
Villanueva
Villard, Henry
Villaret De Joyeuse, Louis Thomas
Villari, Pasquale
Villarreal
Villars, Claude Louis Hector De
Villaviciosa
Villefranche-De-Rouergue
Villefranche-Sur-Saone
Villegas, Esteban Manuel De
Villehardouin, Geoffroy De
Villele, Jean Baptists Guillaume Marie Anne
Villemain, Abel Francois
Villena, Enrique De
Villena
Villenage
Villeneuve-Les-Avignon
Villeneuve, Pierre Charles Jean Baptiste Silvestre
Villeneuve-Sur-Lot
Villeroi, Francois De Neufville, Ducde
Villers La Ville
Villette, Charles, Marquis De
Villiers, Charles Pelham
Villiers De
Villingen
Villoison, Jean Baptiste Gaspard
Villon, Francois
Vilna, Government Of
Vilna
Vilvorde
Vincennes, France
Vincennes, Indiana
Vincent De Paul, St
Vincent Ferrer, St
Vincent, George
Vincent, Mary Ann
Vincent Of Beauvais
Vincent Of Lerins, St
Vincent
Vinci, Leonardo
Vindelicia
Vindhya
Vine
Vinegar
Vineland
Viner, Sir Robert
Vinet, Alexandre Rodolphe
Vingt-Et-Un
Vinita
Vinland
Vinogradoff, Paul
Vinoy, Joseph
Vint
Vinton, Frederic Porter
Viol
Viola
Violet
Violin
Viollet-Le-Duc, Eugene Emmanuel
Viollet, Paul Marie
Violoncello
Vionville
Viotti, Giovanni Battista
Viper
Virbius
Virchow, Rudolf
Vire
Virgil, Polydore
Virgil
Virgin Islands
Virginal
Virginia, University Of
Virginia, Usa
Virginia
Virginius Rufus, Lucius
Virgo
Virues, Christobal De
Visby
Viscacha
Vischer, Friedrich Theodor
Vischer
Visconti-Venosta, Emilio, Marquis
Visconti
Viscount
Vishnu
Vision
Visitation
Visiting Cards
Visoko
Visor
Vistula
Vitalianus
Vitebsk, Government Of
Vitebsk
Vitelli, Vitellozzo
Vitellius, Aulus
Viterbo
Vitet, Ludovic
Vitoria
Vitre
Vitrified Forts
Vitriol
Vitruvius
Vitry-Le-Francois
Vittel
Vittoria
Vittorio
Vitus, St
Vivaldo
Vivarini, Antonio
Vivarini, Bartolommeo
Vivarini, Luigi
Vivero
Vives, Juan Luis
Vivian, Richard Hussey Vivian, 1st Baron
Vivianite
Vivisection
Vizagapatam
Vizetelly, Henry
Vizeu
Viziadrug, Vijayadurg Or Gheria
Vizianagram
Vizier
Vizzola Ticino
Vlaardingen
Vlachs
Vladikavkaz
Vladimir, Government Of
Vladimir, Russia
Vladimir, Saint
Vladimir-Volhynskiy
Vladivostok
Vodena
Vodeyshankar, Gowrishankar
Vodka, Vodki
Voetius
Vogel, Eduard
Vogel, Sir Julius
Voghera
Vogler, Georg Joseph
Vogt, Karl Christoph
Vogtland
Vogue, Eugene Melchior, Comte De
Voice
Voiron
Voisenon, Claude Henri De Fuzee
Voit Ure, Vincent
Voivode
Vokes
Volapuk
Volcae
Volcano
Volcei
Volci
Vole
Volga
Volhynia
Volk, Leonard Wells
Volksrust
Vollendam
Vollmar, Georg Heinrich Von
Volney, Constantin Francois Chasseboeuf
Volo
Vologaeses
Vologda, Government Of
Vologda, Town Of
Volsci
Volsinii
Volta, Alessandro
Volta
Voltaire, Francois Marie Arouet De
Volterra
Voltmeter
Volturno
Voluinsky, Artemy Petrovich
Volunteers
Volusenus, Florentius
Volute
Von Holst, Hermann Eduard
Vondel, Joost Van Den
Vonnoh, Robert William
Voodoo
Voorhees, Daniel Wolsey
Vorarleerg
Voronezh, Government Of
Voronezh, Town Of
Vorontsov, Alexander Romanovich
Vorontsov, Mikhail Illarionovich
Vorontsov, Mikhail Semenovich
Vorontsov, Semen Romanovich
Vorosmarty, Mihaly
Vorticella
Vortigern
Vosges, Department Of
Vosges Mountains
Vosmaer, Carel
Voss, Johann Heinrich
Voss, Richard
Vossevangen
Vossius
Vote
Voting Machines
Votkinsk
Voucher
Vouet, Simon
Voussoir
Vow
Voytech
Voznesensk
Vrancx, Sebastian
Vranya
Vratza
Vriendt, Jdliaen Joseph De
Vryheid
Vulcan
Vulgate
Vulpecula Et Anser
Vulpius, Christian August
Vulture
Vurjeevandas Madhowdas
Vurjeevandas Vyshniy-Volochok
Vyatka, Government Of
Vyatka, Russia
Vyazma
Vyernyi
Vyrnwy
Vyshniy-Volochok

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