About Maximapedia

THE LETTER Q the letter which immediately succeeds P in the alphabet of Latin and the modern languages ol western Europe. It represents the Koppa of the earliest Greek alphabets surviving in that form of the Ionic alphabet, which ultimately superseded all others, merely as the numerical symbol for oo. In the Phoenician alphabet a sibilant Zade (Tzaddi) stands between (/ and p. Hence Q is the nineteenth letter in the Phoenician alphabet, the eighteenth in the Greek numerical alphabet, which alone 'contains it, the sixteenth (owing to the omission oi 6 and ) in the Latin, and (from the addition of J) the seventeenth in the English alphabet. Its earliest form is a rough ellipse transfixed by an upright line, 9. In various Semitic alphabets this has been altered out of recognition, apparently from the writing of the symbol in cursive handwriting without lifting the pen. As a result forms like ^ f> ; [> ^ are developed. In Greece the head of the symbol is generally circular, and only in a few early inscriptions is the upright carried through the circle, 9. The common form is 9 with the upright stem short. This is also the earliest form in the Latin alphabet, but forms with the upright turned to the right as in a modern Q are found in the Republican period, while this tail becomes longer and curved in the early Empire. The pronunciation of the Semitic Koph (Qof) was that of a velar guttural produced agabst the back part of the soft palate with great energy (hence called an " emphatic " sound). In Greek there is no evidence that ? was pronounced differently from K; hence no doubt its early disappearance in most dialects. It survived longest when followed by o or v, as at the beginning of the name of the town of Corinth. In Latin it is regularly used in combination with u. In classical Latin its use is confined to the cases where, as in English quill, etc., the u is pronounced as w before a following vowel, but .in old Latin it is found also in other combinations. Many languages find the combination qu, when both sounds are consonantal (qw), difficult; q being the deepest guttural while (English w) is a lip sound, the points of production are nearly as far separate as they can be. There is thus a tendency to assimilation, and instead of a guttural followed by a labial semi-vowel, a new labial consonant p is produced. In Greek this is common when the combination is followed by the vowel o, as in irco, TOI, etc., from the same stem as the Latin quo, qui, etc. This, however, is not found in all dialects alike (see GREEK LANGUAGE) . In other languages, like Oscan and Umbrian which are closely akin to Latin, or the Welsh branch of the Celtic languages, p occurs regularly without regard to the nature of the vowel following. Thus, corresponding to the Latin quattuor, we find the Oscan petora, the Gaulish pelor-ritum, " four-wheeler," the Welsh pedwar, " four," etc., while the Irish cethir, " four," corresponds more closely to the Latin. (P. Gi.)

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

Q

Qaraites
Qaro, Joseph Ben Ephraim
Quack
Quadratrix
Quadrature
Quadriga
Quadrilateral
Quadrille
Quadroon
Quaestor
Quagga
Quagmire
Quaich
Quail
Quain, Sir Richard, Bart
Quaint
Quakers
Quanta
Quantum Meruit
Quarantine
Quare Impedit
Quaritch, Bernard
Quarles, Francis
Quarrel
Quarry
Quarrying
Quarter Sessions, Court Of
Quarter-Staff
Quarter
Quarterdeck
Quarto
Quartz-Porphyry
Quartz
Quartzite
Quassia
Quaternary
Quaternions
Quatorzain
Quatrain
Quatrefages De Breau, Jean Louis Armand De
Quatrefoil
Quatremere
Quay, Matthew Stanley
Quay
Quebec Act
Quebec, City Of
Quebec
Quedlinburg
Queen Anne
Queen Anne's Bounty
Queen Charlotte Islands
Queen
Queenborough
Queensberry, Earls, Marquesses And Dukes Of
Queenscliff
Queensferry
Queensland
Queens's County
Queenstown, Ireland
Queenstown, South Africa
Queenstown, Tasmania
Quelpart
Quenstedt, Friedrich August Von
Quental, Anthero De
Querard, Joseph Marie
Quercitron
Quercy
Queretaro-Arteaga
Queretaro
Querfurt
Quern
Quesada Y Matheus, Jenaro De
Quesnay, Francois
Quesnel, Pasquier
Quetelet, Lambert Adolphe Jacques
Quetta
Queue
Quevedo
Quezal
Quezaltenango
Quiberon, Campaign And Battle Of
Quiche
Quicherat, Jules Etienne Joseph
Quichua
Quick
Quierzy
Quietism
Quilimane
Quill
Quiller-Couch, Sir Arthur Thomas
Quillota
Quilon
Quilt
Quimper
Quimperl
Quin, James
Quinault, Philippe
Quinazolines
Quince
Quincy, Illinois
Quincy, Josiah
Quincy, Massachusetts
Quinet, Edgar
Quinine
Quinones
Quinoxalines
Quinsy
Quintain
Quintana, Manuel Jose
Quintessence
Quintilian
Quintus Aurelius Symmachus
Quintus Smyrnaeus
Quipus
Quire
Quirinus
Quirites
Quito
Quiver
Quo Warranto
Quoins
Quoits
Quorum
Quota
Quotation

Privacy Policy