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THE LETTER K The eleventh letter in the Phoenician alphabet and in its descendant Greek, the tenth in Latin owing to the omission of Teth (see I), and once more the eleventh in the alphabets of Western Europe owing to the insertion of J. In its long history the shape of K has changed very little. It is on the inscription of the Moabite Stone (early 9th cent. B.C.) in the form (written from right to left) of >l and ^ . Similar forms are also found in early Aramaic, but another form M or H , which is found in the Phoenician of Cyprus in the gth or 10th century B.C. has had more effect upon the later development of the Semitic forms. The length of the two back strokes and the manner in which they join the upright are the only variations in Greek. In various places the back strokes, treated as an angle < , become more rounded ( , so that the letter appears as K , a form which in Latin probably affected the development of C (q.v.). In Crete it is elaborated into K and P . In Latin K, which is found in the earliest inscriptions, was soon replaced by C. and survived only in the abbreviations for Kalendae and the proper name Kaeso. The original name Kaph became in Greek Kappa. The sound of K throughout has been that of the unvoiced guttural, varying to some extent in its pronunciation according to the nature of the vowel sound which followed it. In Anglo-Saxon C replaced K through Latin influence, writing being almost entirely in the hands of ecclesiastics. As the soundchanges have been discussed under C it is necessary here only to refer to the palatalization of K followed earlier by a final e as in watch (Middle English wacche, Anglo-Saxon wcecce) by the side of wake (M.E. waken, A.-S. wacan) ; batch, bake, etc. Sometimes an older form of the substantive survives, as in the Elizabethan and Northern make = mate alongside match. (P. Gi.)

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

K

K2
Kabardia
Kabba
Kabbabish
Kabbalah
Kabinda
Kabir
Kabul River
Kabul
Kabyles
Kach Gandava
Kachin Hills
Kadur
Kaempfer, Engelbrecht
Kaffa
Kaffir Bread
Kaffirs
Kaffraria
Kafiristan
Kagera
Kahlur
Kahn, Gustave
Kahnis, Karl Friedrich August
Kailas
Kain
Kaira
Kairawan
Kaiserslautern
Kaiserswerth
Kaithal
Kakapo
Kakar
Kala-Azar
Kalabagh
Kalach
Kalahandi
Kalahari Desert
Kalamata
Kalamazoo
Kalapuya
Kalat-I-Ghilzai
Kalat
Kalb, Johann
Kalckreuth, Leopold, Count Von
Kalckreuth
Kaleidoscope
Kalergis, Dimitri
Kalewala
Kalgan
Kalgoorlie
Kali
Kalidasa
Kalimpong
Kalinga
Kalinjar
Kalir Iqaliri, Eleazer
Kalisch, Isidor
Kalisch, Marcus
Kalispel
Kalisz, Government Of
Kalisz, Poland
Kalk
Kalkas
Kalkbrenner, Friedrich Wilhelm
Kallay, Benjamin Von
Kalmar
Kalmuck
Kalnoky, Gustav Siegmund
Kalocsa
Kalpi
Kaluga, Government Of
Kaluga, Russia
Kalyan
Kama
Kamala
Kamchatka
Kame
Kamenets Podolskiy
Kamenz, Prussia
Kamenz, Saxony
Kames, Henry Home, Lord
Kammin
Kampen
Kamptee
Kamrup
Kamyshin
Kan-Suh
Kanaka
Kanara
Kanarese
Kanaris
Kanauj
Kandahar
Kandi
Kandy
Kane, Elisha Kent
Kane
Kangaroo-Rat Kangra
Kangaroo-Rat
Kangaroo
Kangra
Kanishka
Kankakee
Kanker
Kano
Kanoavar
Kansas City, Kansas
Kansas City, Missouri
Kansas
Kansk
Kant, Immanuel
Kanuri
Kaolin
Kapunda
Kapurthala
Kara-Hissar Sharki
Kara-Hissar
Kara-Kalpaks
Kara-Kul
Kara-Kum
Kara Mustafa
Kara Sea
Karachi
Karageorge
Karaiskakis, Georges
Karajich, Vuk Stefanovich
Karakorum
Karaman
Karamania
Karamnasa
Karamzin, Nikolai Mikhailovich
Karasu-Bazar
Karateghin
Karauli
Karen-Ni
Karens Of Burma
Karikal
Karl Hess
Karl Wilhelm Dindorf
Karli
Karlowitz
Karlskrona
Karlsruhe
Karlstad
Karlstadt
Karma
Karman
Karnak
Karnal
Karolyi, Aloys, Count
Kaross
Karr, Jean Baptiste Alphonse
Karrer, Felix
Karroo
Kars Province
Kars, Town Of
Karshi
Karst
Karsten, Karl Johann Bernhard
Kartikeya
Karun
Karwar
Karwi
Karyogamy
Kasai
Kasbek
Kashan
Kashgar
Kashi
Kashmir
Kashmiri
Kashubes
Kasimov
Kassa
Kassala
Kassassin
Kassites
Kastamuni
Kasur
Katagum
Katanga
Kater, Henry
Katha
Kathiawar
Katkov, Michael Nikiforovich
Katmandu
Kato, Taka-Akira
Katrine, Loch
Katsena
Katsura, Taro, Marquess
Katterfelto
Kattowitz
Katwa
Katydid
Kaufbeuren
Kauffmann
Kaufmann, Constantine Petrovich
Kaukauna
Kaulbach, Wilhelm Von
Kaunitz-Rietburg, Wenzel Anton, Prince Von
Kaup, Johann Jakob
Kauri Pine
Kava
Kavadh
Kavala
Kavanagh, Arthur Macmorrough
Kavanagh, Julia
Kavass
Kavirondo
Kawardha
Kay, John
Kay, Joseph
Kay-Shuttleworth, Sir James Phillips, Bart
Kayak
Kayasth
Kaye, Sir John William
Kayser, Friedrich Heinrich Emanuel
Kazala
Kazan, Goevernment Of
Kazan, Town Of
Kazerun
Kazinczy, Ferencz
Kazvin
Kean, Edmund
Keane, John Joseph
Kearney
Kearny, Philip
Kearny
Keary, Annie
Keate, John
Keats, John
Keble, John
Kecskemet
Kedah
Keddah
Kedgeree
Keel-Moulding
Keel
Keeley, Mary Anne
Keeling Islands
Keene, Charles Samuel
Keene, Laura
Keene
Keep, Robert Porter
Keep
Keewatin
Kef
Kehl
Kei Islands
Keighley
Keim, Karl Theodor
Keith Family
Keith, Francis Edward James
Keith, George Keith Elphinstone, Viscount
Keith, George
Keith, Robert
Keith, Scotland
Kej
Kekule, Friedrich August
Kelantan
Keller, Albert
Keller, Gottfried
Keller, Helen Adams
Kellermann, Francois Christophe De
Kellgren, Johan Henrik
Kellogg, Clara Louise
Kells
Kelly, Edward
Kelly, Hugh
Kelly, Michael
Kelly, Sir Fitzroy
Kelp
Kelso
Kelvin, William Thomson, Baron
Kemble, John Mitchell
Kemble
Kemeny, Zsigmond, Baron
Kemp, William
Kempe, John
Kempen
Kempenfelt, Richard
Kempt, Sir James
Kempten
Ken A
Ken River
Ken, Thomas
Kendal, Dukedom Of
Kendal, William Hunter
Kendal
Kendall, Henry Clarence
Kenealy, Edward Vaughan Hyde
Keng Tung
Kenilworth
Kenites
Kenmore
Kenmure, William Gordon
Kennedy, Benjamin Hall
Kennedy, Thomas Francis
Kennedy, Walter
Kennedy
Kennel
Kenneth I
Kenneth II
Kennett, White
Kenney, James
Kenngott, Gustav Adolph
Kennicott, Benjamin
Kennington
Kenora
Kenosha
Kensett, John Frederick
Kensington
Kent, Anglo Saxon Kingdom Of
Kent, County Of
Kent, Earls And Dukes Of
Kent, James
Kent, William
Kentigern, St
Kenton
Kents Cavern
Kentucky
Kenya
Kenyon, Lloyd Kenyon, 1st Baron
Keokuk
Keonjhar
Keonthal
Kepler, Johann
Keppel, Arnold Joost Van
Keppel, Augustus Keppel, Viscount
Keppel, Sir Henry
Ker, John
Kerak
Kerala
Kerasund
Keratry, Auguste Hilarion, Comte De
Kerbela
Kerch
Kerckhoven, Jan Polyander Van Den
Kerguelen Island
Kerguelen's Land Cabbage
Kerkuk
Kermadec
Kerman, City Of
Kerman, Province Of
Kermanshah, City Of
Kermanshah, Province Of
Kermes
Kermesse
Kern, Jan Hendrik
Kernel
Kerner, Justinus Andreas Christian
Kerry
Kersaint, Armand Guy Simon De Coetnempren
Kervyn De Lettenhove, Constantine Bruno
Keshub Chunder Sen
Kesmark
Kestrel
Keswick Convention
Keswick
Ket
Ketch, John
Ketchup
Ketenes
Keti
Ketones
Ketteler, Wilhelm Emmanuel, Baron Von
Kettering
Kettle, Sir Rupert Alfred
Kettledrum
Keuper
Kew
Kewanee
Key, Sir Astley Cooper
Key, Thomas Hewitt
Key West
Key
Keyboard
Keystone
Khabarovsk
Khairagarh
Khaireddin
Khairpur, Town Of
Khairpur
Khajraho
Khaki
Khalifa
Khalil Ibn Ahmad
Khamgaon
Khamseh
Khamsin
Khamtis
Khan
Khandesh, East
Khandwa
Khansa
Khar
Kharaghoda
Kharga
Kharkov, Russia
Kharkov, Town Of
Kharput
Kharsawan
Khartum
Khasi And Jaintia Hills
Khaskoy
Khattak
Khazars
Kheri
Kherson, Government Of
Kherson, Town Of
Khevenhuller, Ludwig Andreas
Khevsurs
Khilchipur
Khingan
Khiva, City Of
Khiva
Khnopff, Fernand Edmond Jean Marie
Khoi
Khojent
Khokand
Kholm
Khonds
Khorasan
Khorremabad
Khorsabad
Khotan
Khotin
Khulna
Khunsar
Khurja
Khyber Pass Kiang-Si
Khyber Pass
Kiakhta
Kiang-Si
Kiang-Su
Kiaochow Bay
Kickapoo
Kidd, Captain William
Kidd, John
Kidd, Thomas
Kidderminster
Kidnapping
Kidney Diseases
Kidwelly
Kief, Kef
Kiel
Kielce, Town Of
Kielce
Kiepert, Heinrich
Kierkegaard
Kiev, Kieff
Kiev
Kilbarchan
Kilbirnie
Kilbride, West
Kildare County
Kildare
Kilham, Alexander
Kilia
Kilian
Kilimanjaro
Kilin
Kilkee
Kilkenny City
Kilkenny County
Kilkenny, Statute Of
Killala
Killaloe
Killarney
Killdeer
Killiecrankie
Killigrew, Sir Henry
Killigrew, Thomas
Killin
Killis
Killybegs
Killyleagh
Kilmaine, Charles Edward
Kilmarnock
Kilmaurs
Kiln
Kilpatrick, New
Kilpatrick, Old
Kilrush
Kilsyth
Kilt
Kilwa
Kilwardby, Robert
Kilwinning
Kimberley, John Wodehouse, 1st Earl Of
Kimberley, South Africa
Kimeridgian
Kimhi
Kin
Kincardineshire
Kinchinjunga
Kind
Kindergarten
Kindi
King-Bird
King, Charles William
King, Clarence
King-Crab
King, Edward, Bishop
King, Edward
King Henry Henry VI Of England
King Henry I Of England
King Henry II Of England
King Henry III Of England
King Henry IV Of England
King Henry V Of England
King Henry VII Of England
King Henry VIII Of England
King, Henry
King Horn
King James I Of Scotland
King James I
King James II Of Aragon
King James II Of Majorca
King James II Of Scotland
King James II
King James III Of Majorca
King James III Of Scotland
King James V Of Scotland
King, John Alsop
King John
King, Peter, 1st Baron Of Ockham
King, Rufus
King, Thomas
King-Tih Chin
King Ussie
King, William
King William's Town
King
Kingfisher
Kinghorn
Kinglake, Alexander William
Kinglet
King's Bench, Court Of
King's County
King's Evil
Kings, First And Second Books Of
King's Lynn
King's Mountain
Kingsbridge
Kingsdown, Thomas Pemberton Leigh, Baron
Kingsford, William
Kingsley, Charles
Kingsley, Henry
Kingsley, Mary Henrietta
Kingston, Elizabeth, Duchess Of
Kingston, Jamaica
Kingston, New York
Kingston-On-Thames
Kingston, Ontario
Kingston, Pennsylvania
Kingston, William Henry Giles
Kingstown, Dublin
Kinkajou
Kinkel, Johann Gottfried
Kinning Park
Kinnor
Kino
Kinorhyncha
Kinross-Shire
Kinsale
Kintore
Kioto
Kiowas
Kipling, Rudyard
Kipper
Kippis, Andrew
Kir-Sheher
Kirby, William
Kircher, Athanasius
Kirchheim-Unter-Teck
Kirchhoff, Gustav Robert
Kirchhoff, Johann Wilhelm Adolf
Kirghiz
Kirin
Kirk-Kilisseh
Kirk, Sir John
Kirkby, John
Kirkcaldy Of Grange, Sir William
Kirkcaldy
Kirkcudbright
Kirkcudbrightshire
Kirke, Percy
Kirkee
Kirkintilloch
Kirksville, Missouri
Kirkwall
Kirriemuir
Kirsch
Kirwan, Richard
Kisfaludy, Karoly
Kishangarh
Kishinev
Kishm
Kiskunfelegyhaza
Kislovodsk
Kismet
Kiss
Kissar
Kissingen
Kistna
Kit-Cat Club
Kit-Fox
Kit
Kitazato, Shibasaburo
Kitchen
Kitchener, Horatio Herbert Kitchener, Viscount
Kite-Flying
Kite
Kitto, John
Kittur
Kitzingen
Kiu-Kiang Fu
Kiustendil
Kivu
Kiwi
Kizil Irmak
Kizilbashes
Kizlyar
Kizyl-Kum
Kjerulf, Halfdan
Kjerulf, Theodor
Kladno
Klafsky, Katharina
Klagenfurt
Klaj
Klamath
Klapka, Georg
Klaproth, Heinrich Julius
Klaproth, Martin Heinrich
Kleber, Jean Baptiste
Klein, Julius Leopold
Kleist, Bernd Heinrich Wilhelm Von
Kleist, Ewald Christian Von
Klerksdorp
Klesl
Klinger, Friedrich Maximilian Von
Klinger, Max
Klipspringer
Klondike
Klopp, Onno
Klopstock, Gottlieb Friedrich
Klosterneuburg
Klotz, Reinhold
Knaresborough
Knave
Knebel, Karl Ludwig Von
Knee
Kneller, Sir Godfrey
Knickerbocker, Barmen Jansen
Knife
Knigge, Adolf Franz Friedrich, Freiherr Von
Knight, Charles
Knight, Daniel Ridgway
Knight, John Buxton
Knight-Service
Knighthood
Knights Of The Golden Circle
Knipperdollinck
Knitting
Knobkerrie
Knolles, Richard
Knolles
Knollys
Knot, Bird
Knot
Knout
Know Nothing
Knowles, James Sheridan
Knowles, Sir James
Knox, Henry
Knox, John
Knox, Philander Chase
Knoxville
Knuckle
Knucklebones
Knutsford
Koala
Kobdo
Kobell, Wolfgang Xaver Franz, Baron Von
Koch, Robert
Koch
Kock, Charles Paul De
Kodaikanal
Kodama, Gentaro, Count
Kodungalur
Koenig, Karl Dietrich Eberhard
Koesfeld
Kohat Pass
Kohat
Kohistan
Kohl
Kohlhase, Hans
Koko-Nor
Kokomo
Koksharov, Nikolai Ivanovich Von
Kokstad
Kola
Kolaba
Kolar
Kolbe, Adolphe Wilhelm Hermann
Kolberg
Kolcsey, Ferencz
Kolding
Kolguev, Kolgueff
Kolhapur
Kolin
Kolis
Kolliker, Rudolph Albert Von
Kollontaj, Hugo
Kolomea
Kolomna
Kolozsvar
Kolpino
Kols
Kolyvan
Komarom
Komati
Komotau
Komura, Jutaro, Count
Konarak
Kong
Kongsberg
Konia
Koniecpolski, Stanislaus
Konig, Karl Rudolph
Koniggratz
Koniginhof
Konigsberg
Konigsborn
Konigshutte
Konigslutter
Konigsmark, Maria Aurora, Countess
Konigsmark, Philipp Christoph, Count Of
Konigssee
Konigstein
Konigswinter
Koninck, Laurent Guillaume De
Koninck, Philip De
Konitz
Konkan
Kontagora
Kooringa
Kopenick
Kopisch, August
Kopp, Hermann Franz Moritz
Koprulu
Kora
Koran
Korat
Kordofan
Korea, India
Korea
Koreshan Ecclesia, The
Korin, Ogata
Korkus
Kormoczbanya
Korner, Karl Theodor
Korneuburg
Korocha
Korsor
Kortcha
Koryaks
Kosciuscc
Kosciuszko, Tadeusz Andrzej Bonawentura
Kosen
Kosher
Koslin
Kossovo
Kossuth, Ferencz Lajos Akos
Kossuth, Lajos
Koster
Kostroma, Russia
Kostroma, Town Of
Koszeg
Kotah
Kotas
Kotka
Kotri
Kotzebue, August Friedrich Ferdinand Von
Kotzebue, Otto Von
Koumiss
Koumoundouros, Alexandros
Kousso
Kovalevsky, Sophie
Kovno, Lithuania
Kovno, Town Of
Kovrov
Kowtow
Kozlov
Kraal
Krafft
Kraguyevats
Krakatoa
Kraken
Krantz
Krasnovoosk
Krasnoyarsk
Kraszewski, Joseph Ignatius
Krause, Karl Christian Friedrich
Krawang
Kray Von Krajova, Paul, Freiherr
Kremenchug
Kremenets
Krems
Kremsier
Kreutzer, Konradin
Kreutzer, Rudolph
Kreuzburg
Kreuznach
Kriegspiel
Kriemhild
Kriloff
Krishna
Krishnagar
Kristianstad
Krivoy Rog
Krochmal, Nahman
Kronenberg
Kronstadt
Kroonstad
Kropotkin, Peter Alexeivich, Prince
Krotoschin
Krudener, Barbara Juliana, Baroness Von
Krug, Wilhelm Traugott
Kruger, Stephanus Johannes Paulus
Krugersdorp
Krumau
Krumbacher, Carl
Krumen
Krummacher, Friedrich Adolf
Krupp, Alfred
Krusenstern, Adam Ivan
Krushevats
Kshattriya
Kuban River
Kuban
Kubelik, Jan
Kubera
Kublai Khan
Kubus
Kuch Behar
Kuchan
Kucpan
Kudu
Kuen-Lun
Kuenen, Abraham
Kufa
Kuhn, Franz Felix Adalbert
Kuhne, Willy
Kuka
Kuku Khoto
Kulja
Kulmbach
Kulmsee
Kulp
Kulu
Kum
Kumait Ibn Zaid
Kumaon
Kumasi
Kumishah
Kumquat
Kumta
Kumyks
Kun Bis
Kunar
Kundt, August Adolph Eduard Eberhard
Kunduz
Kunene
Kunersdorf
Kungrad
Kungur
Kunkel
Kunlong
Kunzite
Kuopio, Finland
Kuopio Province
Kuprili
Kurakin, Boris Ivanovich, Prince
Kurbash
Kurdistan, Persia
Kurdistan
Kurgan
Kuria Muria Islands
Kuriles
Kurisches Haff
Kurnool
Kuro Siwo
Kuroki, Itei, Count
Kuropatkin, Alexei Nikolaievich
Kurram
Kurseong
Kursk, Government Of
Kursk, Russia
Kurtz, Johann Heinrich
Kuruman
Kurumbas
Kurunegala
Kuruntwad
Kurz, Hermann
Kusan
Kushk
Kustanaisk
Kustenland
Kut-El-Amara
Kutaiah, Kutaya
Kutais, Government Of
Kutais, Town Of
Kutenai
Kuttalam
Kuttenberg
Kutusov
Kuwet
Kuznetsk
Kvass
Kwakiutl
Kwang-Si
Kwang-Tung
Kwangchow Bay
Kwanza
Kwei-Chow
Kyaukpyu
Kyaukse
Kyd, Thomas
Kyffhauser
Kynaston, Edward
Kyneton
Kyosai, Sho-Fu
Kyrie
Kyrle, John
Kyshtym

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