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THE LETTER I - the ninth letter of the English and Latin alphabet, the tenth in the Greek and Phoenician, because in these the symbol Teth (the Greek 6) preceded it. Teth was not included in the Latin alphabet because that language had no sound corresponding to the Greek 0, but the symbol was metamorphosed and utilized as the numeral C = 100, which took this form through the influence of the initial letter of the Latin centum. The name of I in the Phoenician alphabet was Yod. Though in form it seems the simplest of letters it was originally much more complex. In Phoenician it takes the form "\, which is found also in the earliest Syriac and Palestinian inscriptions with little modification. Ultimately in Hebrew it became reduced to a very small symbol, whence comes its use as a term of contempt for things of no importance as in " not one jot or tittle " (Matthew v. 18). The name passed from Phoenician to Greek, and thence to the Latin of the vulgate as iota, and from the Latin the English word is derived. Amongst the Greeks of Asia it appears only as the simple upright I, but in some of the oldest alphabets elsewhere, as Crete, Thera, Attica, Achaia and its colonies in lower Italy, it takes the form J or S, while at Corinth and Corcyra it appears first in a form closely resembling the later Greek sigma S. It had originally no cross-stroke at top and bottom, I being not i but z. The Phoenician alphabet having no vowel symbols, the value of yod was that of the English y. In Greek, where the consonant sound had disappeared or been converted into h, I is regularly used as a vowel. Occasionally, as in Pamphylian, it is used dialectically as a glide between i and another vowel, as in the proper name AajuaTpuus. In Latin I was used alike for both vowel and consonant, as in iugum (yoke). The sound represented by it was approximately that still assigned to i on the continent. Neither Greek nor Latin made any distinction in writing between short and long i, though in the Latin of the Empire the long sound was occasionally represented by a longer form of the symbol I. The dot over the i begins in the sth or 6th century A.D. In pronunciation the English short i is a more open sound than that of most languages, and does not correspond to the Greek and Latin sound. Nor are the English short and long i of the same quality. The short i in Sweet's terminology is a high-front-wide vowel, the long i, in English often spelt ee in words like seed, is diphthonged, beginning like the short vowel but becoming higher as it proceeds. The Latin short i, however, in final syllables was open and ultimately became e, e.g. in the neuter of i-stems as utile from ulili-s. Medially both the short and the long sounds are very common in syllables which were originally unaccented, because in such positions many other sounds passed into i: officio but {ado, redimo but emo, quidlibet but lubet (libet is later) ; collide but laedo, fido from an older feido, istis (dative plural) from an earlier istois. (P. Gi.)

Note - this article incorporates content from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, (1910-1911)

I

Iambic
Iamblichus, Greek Romance Writer
Iamblichus, Neoplatonist
Iannina
Iapetus
Iapydes
Iatrochemistry
Iazyges
Ibadan
Ibague
Ibarra
Iberians
Ibex
Ibis
Iblis
Ibn 'arabi
Ibn 'abd Rabbihi
Ibn Athir
Ibn Batuta
Ibn Duraid
Ibn Faradi
Ibn Farid
Ibn Gabirol
Ibn Haukal
Ibn Hazm
Ibn Hisham
Ibn Ishaq
Ibn Jubair
Ibn Khaldun
Ibn Khallikan
Ibn Qutaiba
Ibn Sa'd
Ibn Tibbon
Ibn Tufail
Ibn Usaibi'a
Ibo
Ibrahim Al-Mausili
Ibrahim Pasha
Ibsen, Henrik
Ibycus
Ica
Ice-Plant
Ice-Yachting
Ice
Iceberg
Iceland Moss
Iceland
Ichneumon-Fly
Ichneumon
Ichnography
Ichthyology
Ichthyophagi
Ichthyosaurus
Ichthyosis
Icknield Street
Icon
Iconium
Iconoclasts
Iconostasis
Icosahedron
Icterus
Ictinus
Ida
Idaho
Idar
Idas
Iddesleigh, Stafford Henry Northcote, 1st Earl Of
Idea
Idealism
Ideler, Christian Ludwig
Identification
Ideograph
Idioblast
Idiom
Idiosyncrasy
Idolatry
Idomeneus
Idria
Idrialin
Idrisi
Idumaea
Idun
Idyl
Iffland, August Wilhelm
Lifford
Iglau
Iglesias
Ignatiev, Nicholas Pavlovich, Count
Ignatius
Ignoramus
Ignorance
Ignorantines
Igualada
Iguana
Iguanodon
Iguvium
Ijolite
Iki
Il Sodoma
Ilagan
Ilchester
Ile-De-France
Iletsk
Ilfeld
Ilford
Ilfracombe
Ilhavo
Ili
Ilion
Ilkeston
Ilkley
Ill
Illawarra
Ille-Et-Vilaine
Iller
Illinois
Illorin
Illuminated Mss
Illuminati
Illumination
Illustration
Illustres
Illyria
Ilmenau
Ilmenite
Iloilo
Ilsenburg
Image Worship
Image
Imagination
Imam
Imbecile
Imbrex
Imbros
Imeretia
Imidazoles
Imitation Of Christ, The
Imitation
Immaculate Conception, The
Immanence
Immanuel Ben Solomon
Immermann, Karl Leberecht
Immersion
Immigration
Immortality
Immunity
Imola
Imp
Impatiens
Impeachment
Imperial Chamber
Imperial Cities Or Towns
Impey, Sir Elijah
Imphal
Implement
Impluvium
Imposition
Impost
Impotence
Impressionism
Impressment
Impromptu
Improvisators
In-Antis
In Coena Domini
In Forma Pauperis
Inaudi, Jacques
Incantation
Ince-In-Makerfield
Ince, William
Incendiarism
Incense
Incest
Inch
Inchbald, Mrs Elizabeth
Inchiquin, Murrough
Incledon, Charles Benjamin
Inclinometer
Inclosure
Income Tax
Incorporation
Incubation
Incubus
Incumbent
Incunabula
Indaba
Indazoles
Indemnity
Indene
Indenture
Independence, Declaration Of
Independence
Independents
Index Librorum Prohibitorum
Index
India, French
India
Indian Architecture
Indian Law
Indian Mutiny, The
Indian Ocean
Indiana
Indianapolis
Indianola
Indians, North American
Indicator
Indictment
Indies, Laws Of The
Indigo
Indium
Individualism
Indo-Aryan Languages
Indo-China, French
Indo-European Languages
Indo-Scythians
Indole
Indonesian
Indore Residency
Indore
Indorsement
Indra
Indre-Et-Loire
Indre
Indri
Induction Coil
Induction
Indulgence
Indulines
Indult
Induna
Indus
Industria
Industrial School
Industrial Technicology
Industry
Ine
Ineboli
Inebriety, Law Of
Infallibility
Infamy
Infancy
Infant Schools
Infant
Infante
Infanticide
Infantry Tactics Since
Infantry
Infinite
Infinitesimal Calculus
Infinitive
Inflexion
Influence
Influenza
Information
Informer
Infusoria
Ingeborg
Ingelheim
Ingelow, Jean
Ingemann, Bernhard Severin
Ingersoll, Robert Green
Ingersoll
Ingham, Charles Cromwell
Inghirami
Ingle-Nook
Ingleby, Clement Mansfield
Inglefield, Sir Edward Augustus
Inglis, Sir John Eardley Wilmot
Inglis, Sir William
Ingolstadt
Ingot
Ingram, James
Ingram, John Kells
Ingres, Jean Auguste Dominique
Ingress
Inhambane
Inheritance
Inhibition
Inisfail
Initials
Initiation
Injector
Injunction
Ink
Inkerman, Battle Of
Inlaying
Inman, Henry
Inn
Innerleithen
Inness, George
Innocent III, Antipope
Innocents' Day
Inns Of Court
Innsbruck
Innuendo
Inouye, Kaoru, Marquess
Inowrazlaw
Inquest
Inquisition, The
Insanity
Inscriptions
Insect
Insectivora
Insectivorous Plants
Insein
Insomnia
Inspiration
Installation
Instalment
Insterburg
Instinct
Institute
Institutional Church
Instrument Of Government
Instrument
Instrumentation
Insubres
Insurance
Intaglio
Intellect
Intelligence In Animals
Intendant
Intent
Interamna Lirenas
Intercalary
Intercolumniation
Interdict
Interdiction
Interesse Termini
Interest
Interference Of Light
Interim
Interlaced Arches
Interlaken
Interloper
International Law, Private
International Law
International, The
Interpellation
Interpleader
Interpretation
Interregnum
Interstate Commerce
Interval
Intestacy
Intestinal Obstruction
Intestine
Intoxication
Intra
Intrados
Intransigent
Intrinsic
Introspection
Intuition
Inulin
Invar
Invariable Plane
Inventory
Inveraray
Invercargill
Inverell
Inverkeithing
Inverness-Shire
Inverness
Inversion
Inverurie
Investiture
Invoice
Involution
Iodine
Iodoform, Chi
Iola
Iolite
Ion
Iona
Ionia, Michigan
Ionia
Ionian Islands
Ionian School Of Philosophy
Ionians
Iophon
Iovilae
Iowa City
Iowa
Ipecacuanha
Ipek
Iphicrates
Iphigeneia
Ipswich, Massachusetts
Ipswich, Queensland
Ipswich, Suffolk
Iquique
Iquitos Tribe
Iquitos
Irak-Arabi
Irak-I-Ajami
Irak
Iran
Irbit
Irdn
Ireland, Church Of
Ireland, John
Ireland, William Henry
Ireland
Irenaeus
Irene Lascaris
Irene
Ireton, Henry
Iriarte
Iridaceae
Iridium
Iriga
Iris, Greek Myth
Iris
Irish Moss
Irkutsk, Government Of
Irkutsk, Siberia
Irmin
Irnerius
Iron Age
Iron And Steel
Iron Mountain
Iron-Wood
Iron-Work
Iron
Ironsides
Ironton
Ironwood, Michigan
Irony
Iroquois
Irrawaddy
Irredentists
Irrigation
Irulas
Irvine
Irving, Edward
Irving, Sir Henry
Irving, Washington
Irvington
Isaac Comnenus
Isaac II Angelus
Isaac Of Antioch
Isaac Penington
Isaac
Isabella II
Isabella, Isabeau
Isabella Of Hainaut
Isabella
Isabey, Jean Baptiste
Isabnormal
Isaeus
Isaiah, Ascension Of
Isaiah
Isandhlwana
Isar
Isatin
Isauria
Ischia
Ischl
Iseo, Lake Of
Isere River
Isere
Iserlohn
Isfahan
Ishim
Ishmael
Ishpeming
Ishtar
Ishtib
Isidore Of Alexandria
Isidore Of Seville
Isinglass
Isis
Iskelib
Isla, Jose Francisco De
Islam
Islamabad
Island
Isles Of The Blest
Islington
Islip
Isly
Ismail Hadji Maulvi-Mohammed
Ismail
Ismailia
Ismay, Thomas Henry
Ismid
Isnard
Isobar
Isoclinic Lines
Isocrates
Isodynamic Lines
Isogonic Lines
Isola Del Liri
Isomerism
Isotherm
Isoxazoles
Israel
Israeli, Isaac Ben Solomon
Israels, Josef
Issachar
Issedones
Isserlein, Israel
Isserles, Moses Ben Israel
Issoire
Issoudun
Issyk-Kul
Istahbanat
Isthmus
Istria
Isyllus
Itacolumite
Itagaki, Taisuke, Count
Italian Language
Italian Literature
Italic
Italy
Item
Ithaca Island
Ithaca, New York
Itinerarium
Itius Portus
Ito, Hirobumi, Prince
Itri
Iturbide
Itza
Itzehoe
Iuka
Iulus
Ivan I
Ivan II
Ivan III
Ivan IV
Ivan V
Ivan VI
Ivangorod
Ivanovo-Voznesensk
Ivarr Beinlausi
Iviza, Ibiza
Ivory Coast
Ivory, Sir James
Ivory
Ivrea
Ivry-Sur-Seine
Ivy
Iwakura, Tomomi, Prince
Ixion Izu-No-Shichi-To Ixion
Ixtaccihuatl
Iyrcae
Izbarta
Izhevsk
Izmail
Izu-No-Shichi-To

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